It’s not that the faucet is in the wrong place. It’s just that the sink is too far forward.
I’m assuming that the hole in the counter was cut to fit an earlier fixture, and then the replacement fixture was the wrong size. I was in the same hotel previously, I think in 1999, and the sink didn’t have this fascinating trait.
If you turn the water on full, it actually goes in the sink, but that’s non-obvious, and not always convenient.
I really wonder what the person who installed this was thinking.